This one was a tough one to decide. There was, as in any given year, so much tragedy throughout the world. I debated on whether or not to post a tragic remembrance for 2011, but decided I should – if anything, as a remembrance to the victims. The most tragic event I chose was the Utøya massacre in Norway.
The 2011 Norway attacks were two sequential terrorist attacks against the government, the civilian population and a summer camp in Norway on 22 July 2011.
The first was a car bomb explosion in Oslo within Regjeringskvartalet, the executive government quarter of Norway, at 15:25:22 (CEST). The car bomb was placed outside the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and other government buildings. The explosion killed eight people and wounded several others, with more than 10 people critically injured.
The second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud. The camp was organized by AUF, the youth division of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party. A gunman dressed in an authentic looking police uniform and showing false identification gained access to the island and subsequently opened fire at the participants, killing 69 attendees, including personal friends of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and the stepbrother of Norway’s crown princess Mette-Marit. This makes it the deadliest attack in Norway since World War II.
The Norwegian Police Service arrested Anders Behring Breivik, a 32-year-old Norwegian right-wing extremist and charged him with both attacks.
Breivik has been linked to a document entitled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence bearing the name “Andrew Berwick”. The file was e-mailed to 1,003 addresses about 90 minutes before the bomb blast in Oslo. The document describes two years of preparation of unspecified attacks, supposedly planned for autumn 2011, involving a rented Volkswagen Crafter van (just small enough not to require a truck driving license) loaded with 1160 kg of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil explosive (ANFO), a Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle (“the most ‘army like’ rifle allowed in Norway”), a Glock 34 pistol, personal armor including a shield, caltrops, and police insignias. It also reports that Breivik spent thousands of hours on gathering email addresses from Facebook for distribution of the document, and that he rented a farm as a cover for a fake farming company buying fertilizer (3 tons for producing explosives and 3 tons of a harmless kind to avoid suspicion) and as a lab. It describes burying a crate with the armor etc. in July 2010 in the woods, and collecting it on July 4, 2011, and abandoning his plan to replace it with survival gear because he did not have a second pistol.
Regardless of ones beliefs in the AUF, such a massacre like this is simply just not right. Violence is not the answer.
Here is a moving tribute to the victims of the Utøya massacre in Norway earlier this year from Brazil’s finest exponent of street calligraphy. The text are the names of every victim lost in the tragedy.
Shot and Edited by Saft Film.